His considerations about Chernobyl have been one cause he sought a seat within the Congress of Individuals’s Deputies, a physique Mr. Gorbachev created in 1989; he was elected to Parliament the next yr. After the August 1991 coup try, some parliamentary leaders have been compelled out, and Mr. Shushkevich was named the physique’s chairman.
After he was ousted by Mr. Lukashenko in 1994, Mr. Shushkevich turned a vocal critic of his successor, and of Mr. Lukashenko’s penchant for making pie-in-the-sky guarantees.
“If he can do all of it, he’s Moses,” Mr. Shushkevich instructed The Instances in July 1994. “However he’s not. Solzhenitsyn stated that Vladimir Zhirinovsky” — a firebrand ultranationalist in Russia — “was the caricature of a Russian patriot. Properly, Lukashenko is the caricature of Zhirinovsky.”
Mr. Lukashenko, although, could have exacted a measure of revenge. The Times reported in 2002 that in 1997, he issued an govt decree setting new charges and cost-of-living situations for pensions of state officers — aside from former chairmen of the Supreme Soviet, a membership that consisted of Mr. Shushkevich and one different man. In hyperinflation-prone Belarus, that hit Mr. Shushkevich onerous within the pocketbook.
His month-to-month cost “was once round $200,” Mr. Shushkevich instructed The Instances, “which is an efficient pension by our requirements.”
“Now,” he stated, “it’s 3,196 rubles. That equals $1.80.”
Along with his spouse, his survivors embody a son, Stanislau, and a daughter, Alena.
Mr. Shushkevich continued to fireside away at his successor to the top. In a single of his final interviews, in December, he linked Mr. Lukashenko and Russia’s president, Vladimir V. Putin.
“Putin and Lukashenko are nonetheless sad with the autumn of the united statesS.R.,” he was quoted as saying. “They need to rule perpetually. This isn’t the way in which to create a democracy.”
Milana Mazaeva contributed reporting.